90-Day Cycle: Exploration of Math Intensives as a Strategy to Move More Community College Students Out of Developmental Math Courses

Perspectives: What We're Learning
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Last year, Carnegie engaged Jennifer Zoltners Sherer from the University of Pittsburgh to work with a team of Carnegie staff to explore the potential of math intensive programs as a strategy for addressing the failure rates of developmental mathematics students in community colleges. These math intensive programs include boot camp programs, summer bridge programs and accelerated programs aimed at shortening the developmental math sequence or supporting students to test out of the sequence altogether.

Sherer and Alicia Grunow prepared this report after exploring programs using a 90-day cycle process borrowed from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). The IHI 90-day cycle scans activity in the field as a “quick way to research innovative ideas and assess their potential for advancing quality improvement.” The goal was to “get under the hood” of these intensive math interventions in order to identify program specifics, synthesize evidence regarding their efficacy and costs and elicit deeper understanding of the cause-effect logic of their design.

Overall, the programs described in the Sherer/Grunow report have employed a variety of innovative strategies to improve student outcomes in developmental math. Although these intensive programs are targeted at students with developmental math needs, they often support more than just math. They help students learn about college support systems, teach study skills and serve as opportunities for students to build relationships with peers, mentors and faculty. One of the most intriguing elements common to many of these programs was their use as an onramp; carefully designing transitions between high school and college. The attention paid to the problem of transition across many programs and contexts suggests further exploration into how these transitions can be effectively executed.

As a group, the interventions are characterized more by variation than similarity. Even within interventions that went by the same name, the team encountered differences both in how they were structured and in the elements of their design. In other words, the scan produced evidence that these programs are more a set of local solutions than a class of intervention that is currently well enough understood to be leveraged at scale. Assessing the potential of any one of these localized programs to scale to other contexts will require instrumentation of key elements, implementation in multiple contexts, and common measures of effectiveness.

Carnegie continues to be interested in the utility of a 90-day cycle process for investigating promising educational innovations that have not yet been adequately explored in the educational literature, without tying up significant resources or encountering unnecessary delays. In particular, Carnegie is learning how to design 90-day cycle methodology that captures intervention activity in a way that allows for an initial assessment of their potential to produce improvement at scale.

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John Moye (not verified) on Tue, 11/15/2011 - 8:51am

This is a laudable approach to program improvement that shows great promise. However, would this research benefit from some focus on the instructional strategies used in such programs? If the instructional strategies used in an intensive are the same as those used in a traditional classroom approach, can we reasonably expect a different result? Can the administrative statistics (course completion rates, retention/ persistence, and failure rates) be explained by the alignment, coherence, and relevance of the learning system? In other words, is the focus of the research on the most meaningful aspects of the problem?

Alex McCormick (not verified) on Sat, 11/06/2010 - 5:26pm

Interesting and exciting work. We've known for a while that simply repeating failed approaches that didn't work in high school has low odds of success. New approaches and broad experimentation are desperately needed. It will be important to look at long-term retention (an issue for regular college courses, but particularly important for developmental education).

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